Thermodynamics (300IGQ001)

Basic Information

  • Course code number and name: 300IGQ001, Thermodynamics.
  • Credits and contact hours: 3 credit hours, 4 hours per week.
  • Course coordinator: Jorge Francisco Estela
  • Type of course: Required.

Text book

  • Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, 8th Edition, C. Borgnakke, R.E. Sonntag, 2012.

Supplemental materials

  • Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 5th Edition, J.M. Smith, H.C. Van Ness, M.M. Abbott, 1996.
  • Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, J.R. Howell, Richard O. Buckius, 1987.
  • Engineering Thermodynamics, an Introductory Textbook, 2nd Edition, J.B. Jones, G.A. Hawkins, 1986.
  • Energy Systems and Sustainability, Power for a Sustainable Future, G. Boyle, B. Everett, J. Ramaje (Eds.), 2003.
  • International Energy Agency, www.iea.org

Specific course information

The fundamentals of classical thermodynamics and its application in a context of engineering are presented. From the fundamental thermodynamic concepts and the application of the first and second laws of thermodynamics to closed and control volume systems, students will be able to calculate energy requirements, availability and degradation on a wide variety of applications of interest for process engineering (fluid flow, heat transfer, power generation, heating and air conditioning, internal combustion engines and gas turbines). Another objective of the course is to present the structure of the world energy system and its intimate relationship with climate change.

Specific goals of the course

Learning objectives:
  • To identify the definition and scope of thermodynamics.
  • To identify and apply the fundamental thermodynamic concepts: system, control volume, state and thermodynamic properties, thermodynamic equilibrium, reversible processes, temperature, work, energy, power, heat, enthalpy, heat capacity and entropy.
  • To identify the thermodynamic state of a pure substance given its state variables.
  • To calculate energy balances in closed and flow systems.
  • To calculate entropy balances in closed and flow systems.
  • To analyze the thermodynamic efficiency of processes.
  • To calculate the thermal efficiency of power and refrigeration cycles.

To identify the structure of the world energy system and its relationship with climate change.

Relationship with student outcomes
Student Outcomes
A B C D E F G H I J K
Relevance 3 2 32 2 3 3 2

1: low relevance; 2: medium relevance; 3: high relevance.

Topics of the course

  • Classical thermodynamics and statistical thermodynamics.
  • Thermodynamic system and control volume.
  • Properties and thermodynamic state.
  • Thermodynamic equilibrium, quasi-static and reversible processes.
  • Pressure, temperature, Zeroth law of thermodynamics, temperature scales.
  • Work, work on the movable boundary, energy, power, heat.
  • Pure substances, simple compressible substances, phase rule.
  • Pressure-volume-temperature behavior of pure substances.
  • First law of thermodynamics for a cycle and a change of state.
  • Internal energy, enthalpy, heat capacities.
  • Energy balances for closed systems and control volumes.
  • Second law of thermodynamics, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements.
  • Carnot cycle, Carnot theorem, scale of thermodynamic temperatures.
  • Clausius inequality, entropy, principle of increase of entropy.
  • Entropy balances for closed systems and control volumes.
  • Reversible work, availability and second law efficiency.
  • Power cycles (Rankine, cycles with reheat and regeneration) and refrigeration cycles.
  • The world energy system: primary energy sources, energy carriers, energy consumption by sectors, fossil fuels, renewable energy sources, carbon dioxide emissions, climate change, climate change mitigation.
 
undergraduate/dptocivileindustrial/thermodynamics.txt · Última modificación: 2014/10/05 20:30 por lsosorio
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