Fluids Mechanics (300IGC013)

Basic Information

Text book

  • Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. B.R. Munson , D. Young, T. Okiishi, 1999.

Supplemental materials

  • Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications. Y. Cengel, J. Cimbala, 2012.
  • Hydraulic Piping and Hydraulic Machines. C. Duarte, J. Niño, 2003.

Specific course information

The course presents the fundamentals to understand of the behavior of fluids at rest and motion by means of the theoretical description and experimental observation of the flow phenomenon. This knowledge underlies the design of the intake, transport, distribution and storage structures of any fluid. These principles and laws allow analyzing typical engineering problems related to the interaction between fluids and natural and artificial systems. The topics of this course provide the foundation for subsequent courses involving analysis, design or operation of engineering systems: containment facilities, transport and treatment of water and wastewater; flooding, erosion and wave effects on rivers, lakes and coastal areas, and transport and mixing of chemicals and sediments.

Specific goals of the course

Learning objectives:
  • To understand the importance of the role that fluids have to the functioning of our society and ecosystems sustainability.
  • To understand that the pressure exerted by a fluid at a point depends on the height of the fluid column at that point.
  • To apply the concept of conservation of energy to the flow of a system.
  • To apply the principle of conservation of mass and energy to quantify kinematic properties of the fluids.
  • To identify basic potential flows that conform natural phenomena caused by fluids.
  • To use dimensional analysis tools to analyze and scale models and define formulas that describe the behavior of fluids.
  • To link the concept of boundary layer to the aerodynamic and hydrodynamic design of vehicles, objects, and civil structures.
  • To apply the concept of viscosity to pipe flow to calculate friction losses.
  • To calculate the amount of energy that a hydraulic machine can provide or extract from a stream.
  • To estimate the flow distribution along a piping system.
Relationship with student outcomes
Student Outcomes
A B C D E F G H I J K
Relevance 3 3 2 3 1 2 1

1: low relevance; 2: medium relevance; 3: high relevance.

Topics of the course

  • Definition of fluid. Mechanical and molecular points of view.
  • Fluid properties. Viscosity, surface tension, compressibility.
  • Principle of statics. Pascal's Law.
  • Instruments for measuring pressure.
  • Hydrostatic forces on submerged plane surfaces. Thrust and flotation.
  • Continuity equation. The Bernoulli equation: Frictionless Flow.
  • Eulerian and Lagrangian approaches. Definition of control volume.
  • The Reynolds Transport Theorem. (Forces on the control volume).
  • The First Law of Thermodynamics and the theorem of Reynolds.
  • Streamlines, Streamlines, streamlines, and path lines. The stream function. Speed Potential.
  • Common dimensionless groups in fluid mechanics.
  • Flow models in closed conduits.
  • Laminar, transitional and turbulent flow. Relevance of the Reynolds number. Entrance region and fully developed flow. Fully developed laminar flow.
  • Smaller losses. Noncircular ducts. Types of problems in pipes (I, II and III). Flow measurement in a pipeline.
  • Classification of turbomachinery. Turbines. Axial turbine, reaction (Kaplan) and action (Pelton). Non-circular ducts. Efficiency of pumps and turbines
  • Classification of flow in pipe networks: Serial, parallel, open networks, and circuits. Cross Method. Solution of flow circuits.
 
undergraduate/dptocivileindustrial/fluidsmechanics.txt · Última modificación: 2014/10/18 10:32 por lsosorio
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